Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Avicennia tomentosa arabica Walp. Naidoo, Gonasageran (2016). Dictionary of names for southern African trees. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. A numbered check-list of trees shrubs and noteworthy lianes indigenous to Kenya. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) martii Mold. Before experimenting, please be aware that every swamp where this tree grows naturally in South Africa is protected and you will need a permit to collect seed in this country, or an import permit and phytosanitary certificates to bring seed in from elsewhere in its range. Gomes e Sousa, A. It is a pioneer in muddy soil conditions with a pH value of 6.5 to 8.0, but is intolerant of shade. australasica (Walp.) As in other widespread mangrove genera, there are different species with non-overlapping distributions in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ocean basins. (2011); Gomes e Sousa (1967) gives nhamesso (Xironga) and mussu (Quimuane) for Mozambique. gray mangrove: AVMAM2: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are … Avicennia officinalis Auct. H.F. GlenKwazulu-Natal HerbariumJune 2011, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Soil type: Sandy, Clay, Loam, Brack/saline, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer. California county polygons can … SAPPI What's in a Name? With that background it is hardly surprising that I have never seen nor heard of anyone trying to grow the white mangrove in a garden. Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1973. – gray mangrove. Van Wyk, A.E., Van den Berg, E., Coates Palgrave, M. & Jordaan, M. 2011. Another mangrove system is found even further south (500 km) at Bunbury. Berjak, P., Campbell, G.K., Huckett, B.I. Avicennia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? & Van Wyk, P. 1997. Click here to register. Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. Struik, Cape Town. Avicennia tomentosa var. Curiously, experiments at the then University of Durban-Westville (G.S. latifolia Moldenke Avicennia balanophora Stapf & Moldenke ex Moldenke Avicennia mindanaense Elmer Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf ex Ridl. Mabberley, D.J. The leaves are thick, five to eight centimetres long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or … Distribution. ); witseebasboom (Afr. The habit is a gnarled arrangement of multiple branches. [15] The most inland occurrence of mangroves in Australia is a stand of grey mangroves in the Mandora Marsh, some 60 km from the coast. marina: AVMAM: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Homonyms Avicennia marina Vierh. Pooley's Trees of eastern South Africa. 1967. However, other early explorers sailed to the Caribbean, and A. germinans (L.) L. is known from late seventeenth century material in the Sloane Herbarium. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Leaves opposite, 30-100 x 12-40 mm, thick, leathery, shiny olive green above, with dense grey hairs beneath, margin entire with sharply or bluntly pointed tip, base narrowing, petiole short (5 mm long). A bird in Muthupet.JPG 2,288 × 1,712; 793 KB. Geographic subdivisions for Avicennia marina var. Balkema, Cape Town.Raimondo, D., Von Staden, L. Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. The specific epithet marina refers to the habitat of the white mangrove, at the edge of the sea. Van Wyk, A.E. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. Raimondo et al. traditional use. Scientific Name Common Name Photos; AVMA3: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Unusually among mangroves, these trees can exude excess salt through their leaves, and it is not uncommon to find salt crystals adhering to the leaves. Secura marina Forssk., Fl. Vierh. comm.) It has smooth light-grey bark made up of thin, stiff, brittle flakes. Forst.) Vierh. Vierh. Soil requirements for this tree are unknown, but probably include anaerobic mud. Boon, R. 2010. Avicennia, also called black mangrove, genus comprising at least eight species of trees or shrubs in the family Acanthaceae. Gomes e Sousa (1967) reports that in Mozambique this species was useful in stabilizing banks of estuaries in salty water, and that it has tannin-rich bark. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Bark pale yellowish green, with raised dots, flaking. Genera Plantarum edn 5. Avicennia lanata Ridl. APNI* Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. Their last landfall in the Atlantic was Madeira, the Azores or the Canaries, from where they went almost to Brazil (but not landing anywhere) before turning south-eastwards and rounding the Cape. This colonisation of southerly climes may have occurred relatively recently, perhaps several thousand years ago, when they were transferred by the Leeuwin Current. Small to medium-sized tree (3-11 m), main trunk straight, up to 76 cm in diameter, with much branched, rounded crown. Login to add your Comment Vierh. arabica Walp. Red List of South African Plants 2009. Vierh. Pages in category "Avicennia marina" This category contains only the following page. These allow the plant to absorb oxygen, which is deficient in its habitat. Avicennia marina subsp. – gray mangrove. marina : AVMAR: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) It is one of the few mangroves found in the arid regions of the coastal Arabian Peninsula, mainly in sabkha environments in the United Arab Emirates,[3] Qatar,[4] Oman,[5] as well as in similar environments on both side of the Red Sea (in Yemen,[6] Saudi Arabia,[7] Egypt,[1] Eritrea,[8] and Sudan),[9] and Qatar[10] and southern Iran[11] along the Persian Gulf coast. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Naidoo, pers. Scientific Name: Avicennia marina Arabic Name: Qurm قرم IUCN Red List Endangered Status: Least Concern The grey mangrove (Avicennia marina) is named after Avicenna or Ibn Sina (AD 980-1037), one of the most significant Islamic philosopher-scientists.It is a mangrove tree which can thrive in both high salinity and freshwater habitats.. Vierh._PROTA", "FAO Corporate Document Repository_Sudan", "A Systematic Revision of the Mangrove Genus Avicennia (Avicenniaceae) in Australasia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Avicennia_marina&oldid=977801869, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Use Australian English from November 2017, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 September 2020, at 02:22. (2009). A systematic revision of the mangrove genus Avicennia (Avicenniaceae) in Australasia. Synonyms: Avicennia marina var. Avicennia has a wide geographical distribution, with members found in intertidal estuaries along many of the world’s tropical and warm temperate coasts. Common names As with other Avicennia species, it has a… – gray mangrove. 1970. Flowers creamy yellow, small, in dense round heads in leaf axils or terminally, on short, square stalks, sweetly scented. Species name: Mangroves Scientific name: Avicennia marina Locally known as: Gurm. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. As with all proper mangroves, the seeds germinate on the tree, and what is dropped and dispersed is actually a seedling. The leaves are thick, five to eight centimetres long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or … australasica (Walp. Alice Campbell and Peter Gasson, Royal Botanic Gardens - Kew These roots also anchor the plant during the frequent inundation of seawater in the soft substrate of tidal systems. (2009) list the white mangrove as being of Least Concern, which is reasonable, given its immense range and abundance where it occurs. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Duke, N., Kathiresan, K., Salmo III, S.G., Fernando, E.S., Peras, J.R., Sukardjo, S., Miyagi, T., Ellison, J., Koedam, N.E., Wang, Y., Primavera, J., Jin Eong, O., Wan-Hong Yong, J. The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are recorded on herbarium specimens, as are many other vernacular names within its vast range. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). ไม้พุ่มหรือไม้ต้น สูงได้ถึง 20 ม. Bakh. Forst.) – gray mangrove : References Expert(s): Expert: Notes: ... in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Avicennia : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Avicennia ... Common Name: Scientific Name That the earliest published reference should be to an Indian Ocean species and not to an Atlantic one is not remarkable when one considers the route that the early Portuguese and Dutch traders used between Europe and India. As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. )Moldenke APNI* Avicennia marina var. Later generations of Western academics Latinized his name as 'Avicenna'. Vierh. It is distributed along Africa's east coast, south-west, south and south-east Asia, and Australia. Northern Aborigines learned to harvest this starchy food by leaching out distasteful tannins and bitter substances which are the plant's chemical defence. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) & Manyama, P.A. APNI*. Hortus Indicus Malabaricus. Avicennia bicolor Standl. Media related to Avicennia marina at Wikimedia Commons. Mabberley (2008) reports that the timber, like that of many mangroves, is resistant to termites. Extensive underground root system with 'pencil roots' (pneumatophores or breathing roots) up to 90 mm long, sticking up out of the mud in dense stands spreading out from tree. Grey mangroves grow as a shrub or tree to a height of 3 to 10 m (9.8 to 32.8 ft), or up to 14 m in tropical regions. Its distribution is disjunct in Western Australia; the population of the Abrolhos Islands is 300 km (190 mi) further south than the nearest population of Shark Bay. ssp. Mabberley's Plant-book, edn 3. gray mangrove Flora & Fauna Publications Trust, Durban. resinifera (G. Jacana, Johannesburg. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Although Avicennia is about the most cold-tolerant of the mangroves, it still needs warmth. กิ่งอ่อนมักเป็นสี่เหลี่ยม ใบเรียงตรงข้าม รูปรีหรือรูปไข่ ยาว 2–7 ซม. Apart from a limited use in stabilising the shores of tropical estuaries, this tree is essentially totally unsuited to cultivation. This also explains the lack of overlap between the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ranges of the genus. Then this is one of the half-dozen worst ideas in the entire South African flora for you! Bauhin, C. 1623. Avicennia marina; Media in category "Avicennia marina" The following 86 files are in this category, out of 86 total. It has been reported to tolerate extreme weather conditions, high winds, and various pests and diseases. It is a characteristic species of the Southern Africa mangroves ecoregion, and is one of three species present in Africa's southernmost mangroves, in the estuary of South Africa's Nahoon River at 32°56′S. australasica is the world's southernmost mangrove, being reported from the south-eastern tip of Australia near Melbourne, and from New Zealand near Auckland. A few decades later the white mangrove was well illustrated in Van Rheede's (1678-1693) Hortus Malabaricus, and this work is the source of the generic name used by Linnaeus (1747, 1754). Pantene Heat Primer Wet Or Dry Hair, Swim Lane Diagram Vs Sequence Diagram, Turkey Point Water Temperature, Rin Name Meaning Japanese, Pizza Potters Bar, Samsung Dryer Won't Automatically Turn Off, Civil War Was Caused By Conflicting Interpretations Of The Constitution, Common Greek Sayings, Maintenance Technician Job Description Resume, " /> Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Avicennia tomentosa arabica Walp. Naidoo, Gonasageran (2016). Dictionary of names for southern African trees. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. A numbered check-list of trees shrubs and noteworthy lianes indigenous to Kenya. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) martii Mold. Before experimenting, please be aware that every swamp where this tree grows naturally in South Africa is protected and you will need a permit to collect seed in this country, or an import permit and phytosanitary certificates to bring seed in from elsewhere in its range. Gomes e Sousa, A. It is a pioneer in muddy soil conditions with a pH value of 6.5 to 8.0, but is intolerant of shade. australasica (Walp.) As in other widespread mangrove genera, there are different species with non-overlapping distributions in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ocean basins. (2011); Gomes e Sousa (1967) gives nhamesso (Xironga) and mussu (Quimuane) for Mozambique. gray mangrove: AVMAM2: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are … Avicennia officinalis Auct. H.F. GlenKwazulu-Natal HerbariumJune 2011, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Soil type: Sandy, Clay, Loam, Brack/saline, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer. California county polygons can … SAPPI What's in a Name? With that background it is hardly surprising that I have never seen nor heard of anyone trying to grow the white mangrove in a garden. Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1973. – gray mangrove. Van Wyk, A.E., Van den Berg, E., Coates Palgrave, M. & Jordaan, M. 2011. Another mangrove system is found even further south (500 km) at Bunbury. Berjak, P., Campbell, G.K., Huckett, B.I. Avicennia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? & Van Wyk, P. 1997. Click here to register. Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. Struik, Cape Town. Avicennia tomentosa var. Curiously, experiments at the then University of Durban-Westville (G.S. latifolia Moldenke Avicennia balanophora Stapf & Moldenke ex Moldenke Avicennia mindanaense Elmer Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf ex Ridl. Mabberley, D.J. The leaves are thick, five to eight centimetres long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or … Distribution. ); witseebasboom (Afr. The habit is a gnarled arrangement of multiple branches. [15] The most inland occurrence of mangroves in Australia is a stand of grey mangroves in the Mandora Marsh, some 60 km from the coast. marina: AVMAM: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Homonyms Avicennia marina Vierh. Pooley's Trees of eastern South Africa. 1967. However, other early explorers sailed to the Caribbean, and A. germinans (L.) L. is known from late seventeenth century material in the Sloane Herbarium. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Leaves opposite, 30-100 x 12-40 mm, thick, leathery, shiny olive green above, with dense grey hairs beneath, margin entire with sharply or bluntly pointed tip, base narrowing, petiole short (5 mm long). A bird in Muthupet.JPG 2,288 × 1,712; 793 KB. Geographic subdivisions for Avicennia marina var. Balkema, Cape Town.Raimondo, D., Von Staden, L. Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. The specific epithet marina refers to the habitat of the white mangrove, at the edge of the sea. Van Wyk, A.E. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. Raimondo et al. traditional use. Scientific Name Common Name Photos; AVMA3: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Unusually among mangroves, these trees can exude excess salt through their leaves, and it is not uncommon to find salt crystals adhering to the leaves. Secura marina Forssk., Fl. Vierh. comm.) It has smooth light-grey bark made up of thin, stiff, brittle flakes. Forst.) Vierh. Vierh. Soil requirements for this tree are unknown, but probably include anaerobic mud. Boon, R. 2010. Avicennia, also called black mangrove, genus comprising at least eight species of trees or shrubs in the family Acanthaceae. Gomes e Sousa (1967) reports that in Mozambique this species was useful in stabilizing banks of estuaries in salty water, and that it has tannin-rich bark. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Bark pale yellowish green, with raised dots, flaking. Genera Plantarum edn 5. Avicennia lanata Ridl. APNI* Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. Their last landfall in the Atlantic was Madeira, the Azores or the Canaries, from where they went almost to Brazil (but not landing anywhere) before turning south-eastwards and rounding the Cape. This colonisation of southerly climes may have occurred relatively recently, perhaps several thousand years ago, when they were transferred by the Leeuwin Current. Small to medium-sized tree (3-11 m), main trunk straight, up to 76 cm in diameter, with much branched, rounded crown. Login to add your Comment Vierh. arabica Walp. Red List of South African Plants 2009. Vierh. Pages in category "Avicennia marina" This category contains only the following page. These allow the plant to absorb oxygen, which is deficient in its habitat. Avicennia marina subsp. – gray mangrove. marina : AVMAR: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) It is one of the few mangroves found in the arid regions of the coastal Arabian Peninsula, mainly in sabkha environments in the United Arab Emirates,[3] Qatar,[4] Oman,[5] as well as in similar environments on both side of the Red Sea (in Yemen,[6] Saudi Arabia,[7] Egypt,[1] Eritrea,[8] and Sudan),[9] and Qatar[10] and southern Iran[11] along the Persian Gulf coast. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Naidoo, pers. Scientific Name: Avicennia marina Arabic Name: Qurm قرم IUCN Red List Endangered Status: Least Concern The grey mangrove (Avicennia marina) is named after Avicenna or Ibn Sina (AD 980-1037), one of the most significant Islamic philosopher-scientists.It is a mangrove tree which can thrive in both high salinity and freshwater habitats.. Vierh._PROTA", "FAO Corporate Document Repository_Sudan", "A Systematic Revision of the Mangrove Genus Avicennia (Avicenniaceae) in Australasia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Avicennia_marina&oldid=977801869, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Use Australian English from November 2017, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 September 2020, at 02:22. (2009). A systematic revision of the mangrove genus Avicennia (Avicenniaceae) in Australasia. Synonyms: Avicennia marina var. Avicennia has a wide geographical distribution, with members found in intertidal estuaries along many of the world’s tropical and warm temperate coasts. Common names As with other Avicennia species, it has a… – gray mangrove. 1970. Flowers creamy yellow, small, in dense round heads in leaf axils or terminally, on short, square stalks, sweetly scented. Species name: Mangroves Scientific name: Avicennia marina Locally known as: Gurm. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. As with all proper mangroves, the seeds germinate on the tree, and what is dropped and dispersed is actually a seedling. The leaves are thick, five to eight centimetres long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or … australasica (Walp. Alice Campbell and Peter Gasson, Royal Botanic Gardens - Kew These roots also anchor the plant during the frequent inundation of seawater in the soft substrate of tidal systems. (2009) list the white mangrove as being of Least Concern, which is reasonable, given its immense range and abundance where it occurs. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Duke, N., Kathiresan, K., Salmo III, S.G., Fernando, E.S., Peras, J.R., Sukardjo, S., Miyagi, T., Ellison, J., Koedam, N.E., Wang, Y., Primavera, J., Jin Eong, O., Wan-Hong Yong, J. The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are recorded on herbarium specimens, as are many other vernacular names within its vast range. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). ไม้พุ่มหรือไม้ต้น สูงได้ถึง 20 ม. Bakh. Forst.) – gray mangrove : References Expert(s): Expert: Notes: ... in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Avicennia : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Avicennia ... Common Name: Scientific Name That the earliest published reference should be to an Indian Ocean species and not to an Atlantic one is not remarkable when one considers the route that the early Portuguese and Dutch traders used between Europe and India. As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. )Moldenke APNI* Avicennia marina var. Later generations of Western academics Latinized his name as 'Avicenna'. Vierh. It is distributed along Africa's east coast, south-west, south and south-east Asia, and Australia. Northern Aborigines learned to harvest this starchy food by leaching out distasteful tannins and bitter substances which are the plant's chemical defence. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) & Manyama, P.A. APNI*. Hortus Indicus Malabaricus. Avicennia bicolor Standl. Media related to Avicennia marina at Wikimedia Commons. Mabberley (2008) reports that the timber, like that of many mangroves, is resistant to termites. Extensive underground root system with 'pencil roots' (pneumatophores or breathing roots) up to 90 mm long, sticking up out of the mud in dense stands spreading out from tree. Grey mangroves grow as a shrub or tree to a height of 3 to 10 m (9.8 to 32.8 ft), or up to 14 m in tropical regions. Its distribution is disjunct in Western Australia; the population of the Abrolhos Islands is 300 km (190 mi) further south than the nearest population of Shark Bay. ssp. Mabberley's Plant-book, edn 3. gray mangrove Flora & Fauna Publications Trust, Durban. resinifera (G. Jacana, Johannesburg. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Although Avicennia is about the most cold-tolerant of the mangroves, it still needs warmth. กิ่งอ่อนมักเป็นสี่เหลี่ยม ใบเรียงตรงข้าม รูปรีหรือรูปไข่ ยาว 2–7 ซม. Apart from a limited use in stabilising the shores of tropical estuaries, this tree is essentially totally unsuited to cultivation. This also explains the lack of overlap between the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ranges of the genus. Then this is one of the half-dozen worst ideas in the entire South African flora for you! Bauhin, C. 1623. Avicennia marina; Media in category "Avicennia marina" The following 86 files are in this category, out of 86 total. It has been reported to tolerate extreme weather conditions, high winds, and various pests and diseases. It is a characteristic species of the Southern Africa mangroves ecoregion, and is one of three species present in Africa's southernmost mangroves, in the estuary of South Africa's Nahoon River at 32°56′S. australasica is the world's southernmost mangrove, being reported from the south-eastern tip of Australia near Melbourne, and from New Zealand near Auckland. A few decades later the white mangrove was well illustrated in Van Rheede's (1678-1693) Hortus Malabaricus, and this work is the source of the generic name used by Linnaeus (1747, 1754). Pantene Heat Primer Wet Or Dry Hair, Swim Lane Diagram Vs Sequence Diagram, Turkey Point Water Temperature, Rin Name Meaning Japanese, Pizza Potters Bar, Samsung Dryer Won't Automatically Turn Off, Civil War Was Caused By Conflicting Interpretations Of The Constitution, Common Greek Sayings, Maintenance Technician Job Description Resume, " />

avicennia marina common name

Vierh. Trees of southern Africa. Common names: white mangrove (Eng. Avicennia flourishes where silt and mud has accumulated and in some harbours, especially those abutting cities it has become a problem species. As with other Avicennia species, it has aerial roots (pneumatophores); these grow to a height of about 20 cm (5 in), and a diameter of 1 cm. Avicennia alba Bl. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae).As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. The Plant List includes 31 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Avicennia.Of these 8 are accepted species names. Keith Coates Palgrave's Trees of southern Africa. Vierh. The habit is a gnarled arrangement of multiple branches. It is a common and often dominant constituent of mangrove swamps (usually the inland fringes of mangrove associations), and is also a pioneer of new mud banks; sea level. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Avicennia marina . [16], Grey mangroves grow as a shrub or tree to a height of 3 to 10 m (9.8 to 32.8 ft), or up to 14 m in tropical regions. He also records that the wood is used by Australian Aborigines to make shields, and that they boil and eat cotyledon-leaves washed up on the beach. & Pammenter, N.W. Common name. It is distributed along Africa's east coast, south-west, south and south-east Asia, and Australia. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Their fleshy, leathery leaves are opposite and entire and feature salt-exuding glands on the upper and lower surfaces. Avicennia marina f. Vierh. Instituto de Investigação Agronômica de Moçambique, Lourenço Marques. In the mangroves of southern Africa. Bruguiera gymnorhiza has numerous names in English, the most common one is porbably Large-Leafed Orange Mangrove followed by Oriental Mangrove. Grey Mangrove, White Mangrove. http://plants.usda.gov. Avicennia bicolor. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Vierh. Impensis Joannis Regis, Basel. australasica is a many-branched woody shrub or small tree favouring tidal flats of harbours and estuaries.It is easily recognized by its bushy growth with opposite fleshy leaves and aerial roots (pneumatophores) which rise vertically from the mud. Australian Systematic Botany 4: 299-324. The flowers range from white to a golden yellow colour, are less than 1 cm across, and occur in clusters of three to five. The genus Avicennia includes between 4 and 14 species, depending on the limits one adopts for a species. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) ); witseebasboom (Afr. Wildlife Society of South Africa, Durban. 1977. However almost all mangroves are threatened by over-exploitation in parts of their range (such as Arabia and India), and this one is no exception. Description: Of all the species in nature, the mangrove is among the most fascinating and beneficial to humanity.This hardy tree acts as a natural windbreak, protecting us against tidal surges and purifying the surrounding water. Common Names: Afiafy (Malgache-Betsimisaraka & Tanosy, Madagascar, Central and southeast) Scientific Names. Avicennia marina ssp. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. The bark has been used for tanning and for the preparation of a brown dye. Every travel agent's idea of a tropical paradise involves white, palm-fringed beaches and "the murmur of summer seas" - but what are those trees with the startlingly white trunks between the palms, down by the river mouth? Avicennia marina var. resinifera (G.Forst.)Bakh. [12][13] The species is also found in Somalia.[14]. Flora Zeylanica. Briza Academic, Pretoria. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. White mangrove grows on the inland side of tropical and subtropical coastal swamps, along the east coast of Africa from about East London to Sudan (Red Sea coast), on the coasts of Arabia, India, northern Australia and on every island in the Indian Ocean. Field guide to trees of southern Africa. Dendrologia de Moçambique. Avicennia — Blühender Zweig der Schwarzen Mangrove (Avicennia germinans) Systematik Asteriden Euasterid … Deutsch Wikipedia. var. Avicennia germinans (L.) L. — Symbol AVGE Common Name black mangrove Botanical Family Verbenaceae … Scientific plant list. acutissima Stapf ex Mold. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Vierh. Government Printer, Nairobi. Name . Pinax Theatri Botanici. It occurs in New Zealand between 34 and 38 degrees south; its Māori name is mānawa. Strelitzia 25. Synonyms . Van Rheede tot Drakenstein, H. 1678--1693. The name gymnorhiza comes from two Greek words "gymno" naked and "rhiza" root, naked root which refers to the exposed knee roots of Bruguiera gymnorhiza emerging from the ground. You have a small, cold, water-wise garden? Preferred Names. Subordinate Taxa. Avicennia marina Forssk. The increase of Avicennia is however a symptom of a more serious issue, that is the impact of increased sedimentation rates within harbours whose catchments have been seriously degraded and/or deforested. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Avicennia tomentosa arabica Walp. Naidoo, Gonasageran (2016). Dictionary of names for southern African trees. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. A numbered check-list of trees shrubs and noteworthy lianes indigenous to Kenya. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) martii Mold. Before experimenting, please be aware that every swamp where this tree grows naturally in South Africa is protected and you will need a permit to collect seed in this country, or an import permit and phytosanitary certificates to bring seed in from elsewhere in its range. Gomes e Sousa, A. It is a pioneer in muddy soil conditions with a pH value of 6.5 to 8.0, but is intolerant of shade. australasica (Walp.) As in other widespread mangrove genera, there are different species with non-overlapping distributions in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ocean basins. (2011); Gomes e Sousa (1967) gives nhamesso (Xironga) and mussu (Quimuane) for Mozambique. gray mangrove: AVMAM2: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are … Avicennia officinalis Auct. H.F. GlenKwazulu-Natal HerbariumJune 2011, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Soil type: Sandy, Clay, Loam, Brack/saline, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer. California county polygons can … SAPPI What's in a Name? With that background it is hardly surprising that I have never seen nor heard of anyone trying to grow the white mangrove in a garden. Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1973. – gray mangrove. Van Wyk, A.E., Van den Berg, E., Coates Palgrave, M. & Jordaan, M. 2011. Another mangrove system is found even further south (500 km) at Bunbury. Berjak, P., Campbell, G.K., Huckett, B.I. Avicennia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? & Van Wyk, P. 1997. Click here to register. Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. Struik, Cape Town. Avicennia tomentosa var. Curiously, experiments at the then University of Durban-Westville (G.S. latifolia Moldenke Avicennia balanophora Stapf & Moldenke ex Moldenke Avicennia mindanaense Elmer Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf ex Ridl. Mabberley, D.J. The leaves are thick, five to eight centimetres long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or … Distribution. ); witseebasboom (Afr. The habit is a gnarled arrangement of multiple branches. [15] The most inland occurrence of mangroves in Australia is a stand of grey mangroves in the Mandora Marsh, some 60 km from the coast. marina: AVMAM: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Homonyms Avicennia marina Vierh. Pooley's Trees of eastern South Africa. 1967. However, other early explorers sailed to the Caribbean, and A. germinans (L.) L. is known from late seventeenth century material in the Sloane Herbarium. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Leaves opposite, 30-100 x 12-40 mm, thick, leathery, shiny olive green above, with dense grey hairs beneath, margin entire with sharply or bluntly pointed tip, base narrowing, petiole short (5 mm long). A bird in Muthupet.JPG 2,288 × 1,712; 793 KB. Geographic subdivisions for Avicennia marina var. Balkema, Cape Town.Raimondo, D., Von Staden, L. Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. The specific epithet marina refers to the habitat of the white mangrove, at the edge of the sea. Van Wyk, A.E. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. Raimondo et al. traditional use. Scientific Name Common Name Photos; AVMA3: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Unusually among mangroves, these trees can exude excess salt through their leaves, and it is not uncommon to find salt crystals adhering to the leaves. Secura marina Forssk., Fl. Vierh. comm.) It has smooth light-grey bark made up of thin, stiff, brittle flakes. Forst.) Vierh. Vierh. Soil requirements for this tree are unknown, but probably include anaerobic mud. Boon, R. 2010. Avicennia, also called black mangrove, genus comprising at least eight species of trees or shrubs in the family Acanthaceae. Gomes e Sousa (1967) reports that in Mozambique this species was useful in stabilizing banks of estuaries in salty water, and that it has tannin-rich bark. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Bark pale yellowish green, with raised dots, flaking. Genera Plantarum edn 5. Avicennia lanata Ridl. APNI* Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. Their last landfall in the Atlantic was Madeira, the Azores or the Canaries, from where they went almost to Brazil (but not landing anywhere) before turning south-eastwards and rounding the Cape. This colonisation of southerly climes may have occurred relatively recently, perhaps several thousand years ago, when they were transferred by the Leeuwin Current. Small to medium-sized tree (3-11 m), main trunk straight, up to 76 cm in diameter, with much branched, rounded crown. Login to add your Comment Vierh. arabica Walp. Red List of South African Plants 2009. Vierh. Pages in category "Avicennia marina" This category contains only the following page. These allow the plant to absorb oxygen, which is deficient in its habitat. Avicennia marina subsp. – gray mangrove. marina : AVMAR: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) It is one of the few mangroves found in the arid regions of the coastal Arabian Peninsula, mainly in sabkha environments in the United Arab Emirates,[3] Qatar,[4] Oman,[5] as well as in similar environments on both side of the Red Sea (in Yemen,[6] Saudi Arabia,[7] Egypt,[1] Eritrea,[8] and Sudan),[9] and Qatar[10] and southern Iran[11] along the Persian Gulf coast. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Naidoo, pers. Scientific Name: Avicennia marina Arabic Name: Qurm قرم IUCN Red List Endangered Status: Least Concern The grey mangrove (Avicennia marina) is named after Avicenna or Ibn Sina (AD 980-1037), one of the most significant Islamic philosopher-scientists.It is a mangrove tree which can thrive in both high salinity and freshwater habitats.. Vierh._PROTA", "FAO Corporate Document Repository_Sudan", "A Systematic Revision of the Mangrove Genus Avicennia (Avicenniaceae) in Australasia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Avicennia_marina&oldid=977801869, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Use Australian English from November 2017, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 September 2020, at 02:22. (2009). A systematic revision of the mangrove genus Avicennia (Avicenniaceae) in Australasia. Synonyms: Avicennia marina var. Avicennia has a wide geographical distribution, with members found in intertidal estuaries along many of the world’s tropical and warm temperate coasts. Common names As with other Avicennia species, it has a… – gray mangrove. 1970. Flowers creamy yellow, small, in dense round heads in leaf axils or terminally, on short, square stalks, sweetly scented. Species name: Mangroves Scientific name: Avicennia marina Locally known as: Gurm. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. As with all proper mangroves, the seeds germinate on the tree, and what is dropped and dispersed is actually a seedling. The leaves are thick, five to eight centimetres long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or … australasica (Walp. Alice Campbell and Peter Gasson, Royal Botanic Gardens - Kew These roots also anchor the plant during the frequent inundation of seawater in the soft substrate of tidal systems. (2009) list the white mangrove as being of Least Concern, which is reasonable, given its immense range and abundance where it occurs. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Duke, N., Kathiresan, K., Salmo III, S.G., Fernando, E.S., Peras, J.R., Sukardjo, S., Miyagi, T., Ellison, J., Koedam, N.E., Wang, Y., Primavera, J., Jin Eong, O., Wan-Hong Yong, J. The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are recorded on herbarium specimens, as are many other vernacular names within its vast range. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). ไม้พุ่มหรือไม้ต้น สูงได้ถึง 20 ม. Bakh. Forst.) – gray mangrove : References Expert(s): Expert: Notes: ... in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Avicennia : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Avicennia ... Common Name: Scientific Name That the earliest published reference should be to an Indian Ocean species and not to an Atlantic one is not remarkable when one considers the route that the early Portuguese and Dutch traders used between Europe and India. As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. )Moldenke APNI* Avicennia marina var. Later generations of Western academics Latinized his name as 'Avicenna'. Vierh. It is distributed along Africa's east coast, south-west, south and south-east Asia, and Australia. Northern Aborigines learned to harvest this starchy food by leaching out distasteful tannins and bitter substances which are the plant's chemical defence. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) & Manyama, P.A. APNI*. Hortus Indicus Malabaricus. Avicennia bicolor Standl. Media related to Avicennia marina at Wikimedia Commons. Mabberley (2008) reports that the timber, like that of many mangroves, is resistant to termites. Extensive underground root system with 'pencil roots' (pneumatophores or breathing roots) up to 90 mm long, sticking up out of the mud in dense stands spreading out from tree. Grey mangroves grow as a shrub or tree to a height of 3 to 10 m (9.8 to 32.8 ft), or up to 14 m in tropical regions. Its distribution is disjunct in Western Australia; the population of the Abrolhos Islands is 300 km (190 mi) further south than the nearest population of Shark Bay. ssp. Mabberley's Plant-book, edn 3. gray mangrove Flora & Fauna Publications Trust, Durban. resinifera (G. Jacana, Johannesburg. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Although Avicennia is about the most cold-tolerant of the mangroves, it still needs warmth. กิ่งอ่อนมักเป็นสี่เหลี่ยม ใบเรียงตรงข้าม รูปรีหรือรูปไข่ ยาว 2–7 ซม. Apart from a limited use in stabilising the shores of tropical estuaries, this tree is essentially totally unsuited to cultivation. This also explains the lack of overlap between the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ranges of the genus. Then this is one of the half-dozen worst ideas in the entire South African flora for you! Bauhin, C. 1623. Avicennia marina; Media in category "Avicennia marina" The following 86 files are in this category, out of 86 total. It has been reported to tolerate extreme weather conditions, high winds, and various pests and diseases. It is a characteristic species of the Southern Africa mangroves ecoregion, and is one of three species present in Africa's southernmost mangroves, in the estuary of South Africa's Nahoon River at 32°56′S. australasica is the world's southernmost mangrove, being reported from the south-eastern tip of Australia near Melbourne, and from New Zealand near Auckland. A few decades later the white mangrove was well illustrated in Van Rheede's (1678-1693) Hortus Malabaricus, and this work is the source of the generic name used by Linnaeus (1747, 1754).

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